silhouette illustration of a couple and two children

Single-Family-Only Zones

on physical conditions capable of being proven to bear a direct relationship to public health and safety — preventing the extreme congestion commonly associated with the practices of apartment and tenement house construction of that…

Planning ABC's illustration

I is for Inclusionary

Act of 1985, which created a Council on Affordable Housing (COAH). Municipal plans had to include housing elements and fair-share plans. COAH, in turn, would certify the local housing plan’s consistency with criteria designed to…

Planning ABC's illustration

U is for Urban Sprawl

in outlying locations of large-scale, single-story war industry plants in the early 1940s led to the suburban dispersion of what had been central-city-focused production industry. Of particular importance, the need for the rapid construction of…

Planning ABC's illustration

N is for Neighborhood

people each, focused on an elementary school, bounded by major streets, and containing a variety of residential accommodations. Industry was located at the perimeter of the community. Commerce was focused on the community center, a…

Planning ABC's illustration

M is for Maps

“development policy map,” often termed “The Official City (or Master) Plan.” These maps displayed the physical outcome of the recommendations developed in the comprehensive planning process: proposed major streets and highways, commercial and industrial areas,…

B is for Budget

B is for Budget

comprehensive plan. See Michael Chandler’s three-part series on capital improvement programs.    Read excerpt from start of article: The public aspects of cities include not only services (i.e., police and fire protection, education, and protection…

Planning ABC's illustration

Y is for Youth

impressive, central high schools and their organized sports fields. These schools became integral components of town and city centers. High-school-age children thus had after-school access (either by foot or by electric trolley car or rubber-tired…

Planning ABC's illustration

L is for Land Subdivision

(July/August 1992).Read excerpt from start of article: Land ownership and subdivision in America has long been subject to detailed legal requirements and procedures. That was certainly true during America’s Colonial era, as each colony prescribed…

Planning ABC's illustration

X is for X-Rated Land Uses

prohibited from locating within specified distances of schools, churches, parks, and other places of public assembly. In addition, zoning ordinances often include conditions such as screening the use and its parking facility from view from…